Friday December 28, 2007
Hairdressers in the service of the state
Service hairdressers at the federal government
Until the fall of the wall, every ministry in East and West Germany had a professional hairdresser.
The hair that had grown on duty was also cut on duty. The private hair stopped.
So e.g. at the hairdresser in the secret government bunker Marienthal an der Ahr (near Bonn)
Alternative seat of the federal constitutional organs
Here I sit in the hairdressing salon in the east / east section
hair cuts during the working hours free of charge
Punk loose hair cut with the lighter
Bundeswehr hairdressers and the onion sack
The first soldier shorthaired bearers were the Roman legionaries of antiquity. And also the Swiss rice runners and the "German" lansquenets of the 15th-16th Century wore her hair short or shaved it.
In the long term, however, Napoleon’s soldiers became the hair-shaping "fashion leaders". Until then, the soldiers of the French Republic, who had appeared long-haired, were prescribed a "modern" military short haircut under the rule of Napoleon I from 1803/04, if not in all units. By about 1807/09, all European armies had cut their hair and braids. Strict regulations governed the length of the hair and the different styles of beard.
Hair care is in great demand at the Bundeswehr:
You help yourself or go to the hairdresser.
In the early 1970s, the Bundeswehr soldiers were also able to wear long hair
However, wearing long hair on duty was only permitted with a hair net:
Wilfried Koch during the inspection
Wilfried Koch with a prohibited hairnet as a hunter with the Homeland Security Command (VBK41)
A decree of the Minister of Defense from February 5, 1971 allows the soldiers to have long hair if they wear a hairnet. The following year, the decree is withdrawn for reasons of hygiene. (Photo: Barbara Klemm)
A decree issued by the Minister of Defense in February 1971 takes the new hair fashion into account and allows the soldiers to wear a “hairnet”
from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The hairnet decree was a decree of the Federal Ministry of Defense of February 8, 1971, which liberalized the regulations on hair in the Bundeswehr. In addition to its actual cause, the regulation was the subject of a broad socio-political discussion in the Federal Republic.
In the course the 1960s Long hairstyles had been common among young men for years. As late as 1967, a decree explicitly prohibited “the wearing of shoulder-length or otherwise feminine-looking hair” for soldiers. In the case of conscripts in particular, this requirement met with rejection.
The then Defense Minister Helmut Schmidt allowed with the Hairnet enactment wearing long hair on duty. In detail, the decree stipulated that hair and beard must be taken care of and that a hair net had to be worn if the long hair hindered the soldier from doing his job. The Bundeswehr equipped itself with 740,000 hair nets.
The decree can be understood as an expression of the general liberalization under the social-liberal coalition around Willy Brandt. Beyond its actual meaning, it sparked a broad, if not always serious, debate. The long hair was an expression of bad discipline and thereby reduced the deterrent value of the Bundeswehr, was a counter argument. The Bundestag military commissioner called the appearance of long-haired soldiers “sloppy and dirty”.
In May 1972, the hairnet decree was finally repealed. From this point on, the hair had to be cut so that it did not touch the uniform collar. Officially, the change was justified by the fact that the troop had increased loss due to colds caused by wet hair.
Helmut Schmidt received the Order Against Animal Seriousness for the 1972 hairnet decree.
Daring longer hair 35 years ago, the Bundeswehr issued a hairnet
(Georg Gruber Deutschlandfunk)
In the early 1970s, the trend towards long hair reached the Bundeswehr. For those who entered the barracks 35 years ago today, the motto was: Under the hair net! The hairnet decree of February 1971 was only a good year, then it was over with the “German Hair Force” as it was mocked abroad.
Vietnam war, emergency laws, extra-parliamentary opposition: In the 1960s, long hair became a symbol of protest and rebellion against traditional norms in Germany: they grew over the ears, over the shirt collar. But the scissors were waiting at the barracks gate:
“Wearing a shoulder-length or otherwise feminine-looking hairstyle (for example a Beatle hairstyle) is not permitted even if it is cared for.”
In 1971 the last bastion of the short haircut fell. Willy Brandt wanted to risk more democracy, Helmut Schmidt, his defense minister, longer hair. Those who started their service as long-haired on Monday, February 8, 1971, were lucky:
“I have a decree on hair and beard in the Bundeswehr. Here it says: The Bundeswehr cannot ignore the development of general taste in its appearance.”
But the fashionable freedom was not limitless:
“Hair and beard must be clean and well-groomed. Soldiers whose functionality and safety are affected by their hairstyle must wear a hairnet on duty.”
The Bundeswehr was shaken to its foundations. And the long haired? Still dissatisfied:
“The hairnet doesn”t really look like a hairnet, but like a net from a rolled ham.”
Rolled ham, olive green wrapped.
“I have to wear this shit on my head from 5:30 in the evening and my hair starts to bite.”
For months there was bitter discussion in Germany about the appropriate hairstyle of the German soldier.
“Hi girl!” was a survey campaign by the soldier courier: Which haircut best dresses the citizen in uniform? The traditional short haircut only came to just under 18 percent. Of 415 readers, almost 40 percent opted for half-length hair, around a quarter for shoulder-length with a beard – quite progressive.
But there were also fundamental criticisms:
“To the trees, you monkeys!”
“Germany must be ashamed!”
And the “Süddeutsche Zeitung” quoted a worried mother:
“Our Holger was always hardworking and orderly. Now he has to go to the Bundeswehr. I”m so afraid that he will ravage there.”
German Hair Force – so ridiculed abroad. Germany’s dignity, even Germany’s security, seemed in danger. A Bundeswehr brigade general warned:
“Neglecting the suit and behavior of the soldier is evidence of bad discipline for everyone. But with it stands and falls the deterrent value and thus the peace contribution of the troops.”
A soldier with long hair could also be a good soldier, Helmut Schmidt defended the hair waiver:
“Unfortunately, it is part of the classic legacy of European soldiers that the external image was taken more seriously than the inner core.”
Schmidt was even awarded an order in 1972 for the liberal decree, the “Order Against Animal Seriousness”. But that was not the reason that he cashed in the hair remission a little later. Rather the criticism of the military commissioner:
“The troop is sloppy and dirty.”
The clean men finally won in May 1972: since then, the hair has not been allowed to touch either the uniform or the shirt collar. And: ears free! A shock to which many mat carriers initially reacted defiantly:
“They decided not to cut their hair off, even with every punishment that would come.”
But the great rebellion failed to materialize. The Ministry of Defense, which had acquired around 740,000 hair nets, justified the U-turn with medical reports.
“A second additional question, Mr Wohlrabe.”
“They had read that lousing had occurred. Maybe there were still some additional costs. Could you hear a few more figures about this?”
In June ’72, the decree was once again an issue in the Bundestag. State Secretary Karl Wilhelm Berkhan replied:
“What made me particularly thoughtful was the increased illness caused by wet hair on duty, which then led to increased symptoms of colds.”
The end of military devastation: until now, only soldiers with long hair are allowed – the last time a ponytail holder sued in court in summer 2005, even with success. But the Federal Ministry of Defense immediately announced that it was only an isolated case. It continues to apply: hair off!
The “onion sack” – the hairnet of the Bundeswehr
Hairnet made of nylon with elastic band for use in the Bundeswehr 1971 – 1972, donated by Colonel a.D. Gerhard ElserLupe
Bundeswehr hairnet 1971-72, donated by Colonel a.D. Elser (Source: Meier / MHM)
The youth culture of the “68s” was finally reflected in 1971 in the “hairnet decree” of the then Federal Minister of Defense Helmut Schmidt. Conscripts who were not willing to sacrifice their fashionable long hair during their military service were allowed to continue wearing it, provided that it did not hinder them in the performance of their duties. In addition, hair and beard should be taken care of. In order to minimize hazards from long hair, it was ordered that hair nets should be worn when handling weapons and equipment or in the “field”.
The founder of the hairnet shown above always carried it as a battalion commander of the Panzergrenadier troop as a “pocket supply” with him [[. ] to help overly hairy PzGren of his Btl immediately on the spot to the customary ‘conclusion of the soldier upwards’, which is now mandatory due to safety / operational protection regulations. “
The "hairnet release" was soon withdrawn. In the military everyday life long hair proved to be both unsanitary and detrimental to the appearance of the Bundeswehr. In 1972 the "German Hair Force" ceased to exist.
A Corporal with a hairnet supplemented with crocheted earmuffs, newspaper III. Corps, 1971 Magnifier
"Hairnet Wearing Test, New, Winter", 1971, Zeitun… (Source: OTL d.R. Josef Pütz)
Moody comments from the "German Hair Force"
The hairnet, at least controversial for aesthetic reasons, led to all sorts of moody comments in the group. An example of such an internal military commentary on the hairnet enactment is this photographically documented "attempt to wear winter" by a corporal of a telecommunications company. His caring girlfriend had added two crocheted earmuffs to the hairnet over the weekend, a senior sergeant of the company (and today’s lender) Josef Pütz sent the photo document to the then magazine of III. Corps, which it then disseminated within the corps with the comment opposite.
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