The Egyptians (4000-300 BC)
With young girls "side curly hairstyles" (see photo on the left) or the "ponytail" popular, the older ones let their hair grow long enough for them to grow pigtails could braid.
Even then, their own hair and wigs were dyed, mostly Henna used. Red, blue, green and red-blonde hues and gold dust were most commonly used. Hair was considered the most beautiful piece of jewelry for women (and men) and a lot of effort was made accordingly.
Already from about 3000 BC BC became artistic on important occasions Wigs carried.
The wigs were lightly perfumed and were mostly worn for religious reasons or sometimes just to hide a bald head. The wife of Pharaoh Akhenaten Nefertiti (above) had a great passion for wigs and owned a whole collection of them (by the way, Nefertiti means "The beauty has come").
The hairpieces consisted partly of human hair and later also of the fibers of palm leaf. The fibers were braided and then waxed "sealed", to keep the shape. Bast was also used in the wig production. Raffia is a moist type of flax that was left to dry in the sun with ammonia and made absorbent for later use "blackness" to color and then to fill, light Nubian u. braiding ancient Egyptian wigs.
The men mostly use wigs with long hair, the women with shorter hair. The shape changed depending on the current fashion.
There was a myriad of fashionable hairstyles, from simple to highly complex, with all kinds of clips, ribbons, braids, hoods, etc.
The predominant hair color was black. But some ancient Egyptians were even naturally blond. However, they did not come from the Nile Delta, but probably from the Caucasian area.
Evidence of this is found by mummies (see figure on the left) about these website further details reported.
Photo right: hairdressing utensils and hair braids (Museum of Modern Arts, New York)
The "Berenike’s hair" is an inconspicuous constellation in the spring sky between the striking constellations lion and bear keeper. Berenike, after whom the constellation was named, lived from about 270 to 221 BC. BC and was the wife of the Egyptian king Ptolemy III.
When Ptolemy went to the 3rd Syrian War, she took a vow. Should her husband return victorious and intact, she promised the goddess of love Aphrodite to sacrifice her magnificent hair. Ptolemy won and Berenice kept her vow by cutting her hair and offering it in a temple. Despite strict surveillance, the hair was gone the next day, for which the court astronomer had an explanation: the gods were so pleased with the victim that they had immortalized the hair in the sky.
On the basis of grave finds, it is known that the Egyptians cared for their hair with knives, hairpins and combs (e.g. made of ivory, see photo below) as early as 4000 years before Christ.
Back then, women from rich families were already using combs, hairpins and small hand mirrors (right) to style their hair.
Hair removal with "wax"
Also a method of hair removal still used today "invented" the Egyptians. They mixed ground bird bones, oil, maple syrup and a rubbery mass, heated them and carried them on the Skin on.
After cooling, it was removed and the hair remained in the wax mass. Otherwise, they use a kind of tweezers to remove unwanted hair on the body.
The Men were mostly always completely shaved.
The razors were made of copper or bronze. Razors with iron blades were used late.
A mustache or "blue colored" beards was rather the exception (photos above). Only the kings wore long beards as a sign of their power (photo right: King Tut anch amun).
Recommended reading: "The art of turning curls on bald heads"
An illustrated cultural history of human hair splendor NEW
At least 300 since the hairdressing salon was invented Years ago Christ also applies in everyday life, What has long been true in politics: hair makes man. In their book, written with wonderful elegance, the Mayr siblings followed the trail of hair across the history of the world, culture and civilization: from the beginning until today, from Barbarossa’s red (!) Beard to Fidel Castro, from the wig fashion of bald Ludwig XIII. to Jacqueline Kennedy and David Beckham, from the artificial eyelashes of the drag queens to the shaved pubes more modern. more
Excerpt from the art of turning curls on bald heads. An illustrated cultural history of human hair. by Daniela F. Mayr, Klaus O. Mayr. Copyright © 2003. Reprinted with the kind permission of the rights holder. All rights reserved.
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