The 1930s in Germany were shaped by the global economic crisis and its effects on the everyday life of Germans. Was it the Germans in the 1920s still very good, the work became scarce, so that unemployment affected more and more people. Discontent among the population increased steadily and was reflected in political change. So came 1933 the National Socialists come to power and drove Germany directly to World War II until 1939. But not only the mood in Germany changed politically, there were also significant upheavals in the fashion world.
Above all, the look of women changed and one again remembered a very feminine image of women. The men’s style, on the other hand, was subject to only a few changes. The past "Roaring Twenties" were still characterized by a new, very androgynous image of women. The "Flapper girl" with the typical boxy dress was in vogue and symbolized the independent, modern woman. But in the 1930s this trend changed to the complete opposite. Instead of wild “flapper girls”, the elegant lady was back in fashion. This was particularly evident in the rediscovery of the female figure.
During the 20s the Curves of the woman in straight cuts disappeared, all attention was now on them. But which pieces of clothing belonged in the wardrobe of a modern woman from the 1930s? And how was the newly discovered femininity brought into focus??
Figure-hugging clothing for trend-conscious women
The new trend was particularly evident in the emphasis on the high waist. Women wore soft, flowing fabrics that put the silhouette in the right light. To the absolute Must-haves of the 1930s counted the "Godet-Rock ". It was bell-wide at the bottom and extremely figure-hugging at the hip. He also threw soft folds and was often combined with a belt to additionally emphasize the waist. While the skirt was still worn to the knee for a very short period in the 20s, the length of the skirt hem took on 1930s back to. Around 1932 the hem mostly reached to the calf.
Particularly popular was the long, narrow one "Princess dress" with the typical longitudinal seam on the front and back. Evening fashion was also much more elegant. The dresses partially reached the floor and had the characteristic high empire waist. The neckline was less expansive and was usually concealed by lace inserts. Characteristic of the evening fashion were soft flowing fabrics made of silk, tulle or silk. Pure elegance was the declared goal of many looks.
The costume was also becoming increasingly popular.
A tight fit "Godet-Rock" was combined with a tailored jacket. The Bolero was brand new on the catwalks. The short, round-cut jacket came especially in combination with a wide one Marlene trousers good effect. The bell-like skirt was also preferred to wear with a bolero. In the course of the 1930s, attempts were made to give the woman’s soft silhouette more corners and edges.
This was particularly evident in the emphasis on the shoulder area. For this you bet eye-catching collar, bows or puff sleeves on. In some cases, the shoulder pads used even created a grotesque triangular effect on the upper body. This should make the waist look even narrower. This effect was reinforced by numerous accessories that women draped around their shoulders.
The accessories of the 30s fashion
The most striking Accessories from the 30s the fur counts without question. A fur stole completed that elegant evening outfit and skillfully emphasized the shoulders. Even in everyday life, the trend-conscious woman is reluctant to do without furry accessory. The fox around the shoulders was part of the typical street scene, not only in winter. The penchant for luxury in the 1930s clearly contradicts the poor economic conditions in Germany. But perhaps this was just the yearning for better times. The elegant pearl necklace was also part of a successful 1930s look. Strikingly designed Hats with feathers and brooches, tight-fitting belts and small pockets complemented the outfit of the elegant 1930s lady.
But not only the clothing and accessories of the women emphasized the elegant look. Especially the typical ones Hairstyles and makeup from the 30s shape our current image of the 30s women. The focus of the make-up was on the emphasis of the eyes. Eye shadows in different colors intensified the view. Heavy eyelashes or false eyelashes were part of the typical street scene. The most striking Characteristics of a 30s make-up counted the particularly narrow eyebrows. For this, many women shaved off the natural brows, then narrowly traced them.
They were considered absolute style icons Greta Garbo and Marlene Dietrich. Also the 30s hairstyles were significantly influenced by both women. Short hair, like the bobbed head from the 20s, was no longer considered trendy and the woman wore the hair longer again. Artful wave hairstyles, preferably in the trendy blond, successfully rounded off the perfect 1930s look.
The typical 30s man was wearing suits
While the style the women unlike the 1920s, the men’s look changed little. Men were still wearing everyday suits in simple colors made of high-quality materials. The overall look was a little sportier and more casual. Even the previously typical vest was worn less and less. The pants were cut a little wider, had a middle fold and an envelope and made the men look very lanky. The trend-conscious man added one wide trousers with a tight jacket. Cylinder or felt hat rounded off the successful 1930s outfit from. A typical piece of clothing in winter was the so-called Ulster, a heavy tweed coat. In addition, the low shoe became increasingly popular. In his free time, the 30s man dressed in knickers and a sports jacket.
War is reflected in fashion
Fashion also did not remain unaffected by the political events. In the course of the decade, the material became scarce. So it was not uncommon for clothes to be touched up if necessary. National Socialism was increasingly reflected in clothing. So it is hardly surprising that the Traditional costume with dirndl and lederhosen became more and more important. Nevertheless, fashion was able to develop creatively again in the 1930s until it came to a standstill in the war years.
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